Umiya Multispeciality Dental clinic Smile Cosmetic Centre is a complete dental care clinic for your teeth and smile.we are taking care of your teeths from simple pain in teeth,bad breath, broken teeth, dark gums,teeth spacing, sensitive teeths, discolored teeth etc.problem to big problems like periodontitis. We also giving you good guidence about taking care of patient teeth through our patient education program Our site provide facilities to Indian and NRI to take online appointment and save precious time.


We provides following services

  • 1.Oral Surgery
  • 2.Cosmetic Dentistry
  • 3.Operative Dentistry
  • 4.Endodontics
  • 5.Pedodontics
  • 6.Orthodontics
  • 7.Periodontics
  • 8.Prosthodontics
  • 9.Cad cam dentistry
  • 10.Restorative Dentistry
  • 11.Implant Dentistry

Oral Surgery


"Oral and maxillofacial surgery is the specialty of dentistry involved in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects."

INDICATION

  • Extraction of decayed teeth that cannot be restored.
  • Surgical removal of impacted teeth.
  • Extraction of non vital teeth.
  • Pre prosthetic surgery to smooth and contour the alveolar ridge.
  • Removal of teeth for orthodontic treatment.
  • Removal of root fragments.
  • Removal of cysts and tumors
  • Biopsy
  • Treatment of fractures of the mandible and maxilla
  • Surgery of the temporomandibular joint
  • Reconstructive surgery
  • Surgery to alter the size or shape of the facial bones.
  • Cleft lip and cleft palate repairs
  • Salivary gland surgery.
  • Surgical implant procedures.

Treatment



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Cosmetic Dentistry


Cosmetic dentistry includes a variety of dental treatments aimed at improving the appearance of the teeth. Cosmetic dentistry is the process of improving the appearance of a person’s teeth, gum and smile.


Cosmetic dentistry procedures differ from general dentistry or restorative dentistry procedures.


Cosmetic dentistry includes bleaching, dental bonding, veneers, reshaping, crown, orthodontics, implants, and periodontal plastic surgery to improve appearance of teeth.


Cosmetic dental procedure

  1. TEETH WHITENING - Teeth whitening or bleaching teeth is procedure that lightens teeth and remove discoloration of dental stain.
  2. DENTAL BONDING - Dental bonding is process in which tooth colored dental composite material applied tooth surface using adhesives and high intensity curing light. When teeth are chipped or slightly decayed tooth colored bonded composite resin may be material of choice.
  3. VEENERS - Veneers are ultrathin, custom made porcelain laminates that are bonded directly to the teeth.
  4. TOOTH RESHAPING – Tooth reshaping removes parts of the enamel t improve the appearance of the tooth. It is also known as enameloplasty, odontoplasty, contouring, recontouring, stripping or sculpting.
    It may be used to correct a small chip, or to alter length, shape or positioned teeth. It can be used to correct crooked or excessively long teeth.
  5. PORCELAIN CROWN – Porcelain crown used to improve decayed and fractured teeth. It can use for discoloration of teeth.
  6. ORTHODONTIC - Orthodontic involves applying braces to the teeth and wires are threaded through the braces. These wires are adjusted to gradually move the teeth to the desired new positions over long time, crowded or misaligned teeth are straightened.
  7. IMPLANT – Implants are commonly used for missing single tooth. It is more secure and natural looking but take more time for complete process of implant.
  8. PERIODONTAL PLASTIC SURGERY – Gum lift is a cosmetic dental procedure that raises and sculpts the gum line. The procedures involve reshaping the tissue and or underlying bones to create the appearance of longer or more symmetrical teeth.

TREATMENT



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Operative Dentistry


Operative dentistry is one of branch of dentistry that deals with art and science of diagnosis, prevention treatment and prognosis of disease or trauma to teeth.

INDICATION

  • Dental caries
  • Abrasion, attrition and erosion teeth
  • Root surface caries
  • Dentinal hypersensitivity
  • Replacement or repair of existing restoration
  • Malformed, discolored or fractured teeth

Operative dentistry includes treatment and restoration of carious teeth with metallic and nonmetallic dental materials. Dental restoration or dental filling is a dental material used to restore the function, integrity and morphology of missing tooth structure.


These materials are usually amalgam, Composite Resins and glass ionomer, gold alloy, ceramics.


Dental fillings are divided into various types. These are Direct Restoration and Indirect Restorations.


Direct Restoration :They include the type of filling materials that are placed in the prepared cavity in a one visit. The materials included in this are resin composites, silver amalgam, glass ionomer cements, temporary filling materials etc.


Indirect Restoration :They include the fillings that require more than one visit to be placed in the cavity. On the first day of appointment, the dentist prepares the tooth and makes an impression to record the details of the tooth to be restored. It is then sent to the dental lab. In the next visit, the material is placed in the prepared tooth. These include veneers, inlays, onlays, crowns and bridges fabricated with gold, base metal alloys, composites.

TREATMENT



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Endodontics


Endodontic is the branch of dentistry that deals with the etiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases of the pulp and periapical tissues compatible with good health. The pulp is made up of nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. Endodontic perform a variety of procedures including root canal therapy, endodontic retreatment, surgery, treating crake teeth and treating dental trauma.

Most common disease of pulp includes

  1. Acute reversible pulpitis
  2. Acute irreversible pupitis
  3. Chronic hyperplastic pulpitis or pulp polyp
  4. Pulp stone
  5. Necrosis of pulp
  6. Internal resorption

Most common periradicular disease includes

  1. Acute periradicular disease
    • Acute alveolar abscess
    • Acute apical periodontitis
  2. Chronic periradicular disease
    • Chronic alveolar abscess
    • Granuloma
    • Cyst
  3. Condensing osteitis
  4. External root resorption
  5. Diseases of periradicular tissues of non odontogenic origin
    • Periapical cemental dysplasia
    • Cementoma
    • Cementoblastoma
    • Odontogenic cysts
    • Fissural cyst
    • Central giant cell granuloma
    • Ameloblastoma

Most common endodontic treatment includes

  1. Pulpotomy
  2. Apexification
  3. Root canal therapy
  4. Pin and Post
  5. Bleaching therapy
  6. Endodontic surgery

TREATMENT



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Pedodontics


Pedodontic is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence.


There is a variety of dental and oral facial condition commonly seen in pediatric patients and their management from infancy to adolescence. Most commonly seen condition is as below.

  1. Bacterial, viral, fungal lesions.
  2. Enamel stains and defects.
  3. Geminated, fused and supernumerary teeth.
  4. Teething problems
  5. Early childhood caries
  6. Oral habits
  7. Neonatal, missing teeth, over retained teeth, ectopic eruption
  8. Consequence of early tooth loss and space maintainer

CLASSIFICATION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES OR NURSING BOTTLE CARIES


TYPE-1 - Mild to Moderate
Carious lesion involving molars and incisor seen in 2-5 years of age


TYPE-2 -Moderate to severe
Labiolingual carious lesions affecting maxillary incisors, with or without molar caries
depending on the age of the child and stage of the disease. Most common after eruption of first tooth.


TYPE-3 – Severe
Carious lesion affecting all the teeth including the lower incisor involving immature tooth surfaces.
Seen in 3-5 years of age.

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TREATMENT



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Orthodontics


Orthodontia, orthodontics is the speciality of dentistry that is concerned with study and treatment of malocclusions, which may be a result of tooth irregularity disproportionate jaw relationships or both.
Orthodontic appliances (braces) are used to make these corrections. Both fixed and removable appliances are available.

Orthodontics classified as below :

  • Preventive orthodontics
  • Interceptive orthodontics
  • Corrective orthodontics
  • Surgical orthodontics

INDICATION OF ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT

  • Crowding of the teeth – not enough space for teeth
  • Spacing of teeth – Too much space between teeth
  • Open bite – Front teeth Don’t touch
  • Deep overbite – Lower front teeth bite into palate
  • Under bite - Lower front teeth in front of uppers
  • Over jet – Protruding upper front teeth
  • Missing teeth

CLASSIFICATION



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Periodontics


Periodontics or periodontology is the speciality of dentistry that studies supporting structures of teeth, disease and conditions that affects them. The supporting tissues are known as the periodontium, which includes gingiva, alveolar bone, cementum and periodontal ligament.



Most common periodontium disease includes

  1. Gingivitis
  2. Bleeding gum
  3. Gum hyperplasia
  4. Gingival recession
  5. Periodontal pocket
  6. Periodontitis
  7. Abscessses of periodontium

Most common periodontium treatment includes

  1. Non surgical treatment
    • Oral anti microbial therapy
    • Scaling
    • Root planning
  2. Surgical treatment
    • Gingival curettage
    • Gingivectomy
    • Gingivoplasty
    • Periodontal flap surgery
    • Periodontal plastic surgery
    • Periodontal osseous surgery
    • Periodontal reconstructive osseous surgery

TREATMENT



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Prosthodontics


Prosthodontics also known as dental prosthetics or prosthetic dentistry is the dental specially pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation and maintained of oral function Comfort, appearance and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing teeth and oral maxillofacial tissue using biocompatible substitutes.


Prosthetic dentistry is concerned with fixed prosthetics, removable prosthetic and maxillofacial prosthetic.


A) Fixed prosthodontics is the branch of prosthodontics concerned with the replacement and restoration of teeth by artificial substitutes that are not removable from the mouth.

Fixed prosthetic includes

  • Crowns and temporary crowns
  • Bridges and temporary bridges
  • Veneers
  • Inlays and onlays
  • Implants

B)Removable prosthodontics is the specialty of dentistry that replaces missing teeth and contiguous structures for edentulous patients with artificial substitutes that are removable from mouth.

Removable prosthetic includes all types of dentures, appliance, and acrylic full and partial denture

  • Chrome dentures
  • Immediate dentures
  • Over dentures
  • Flexible denture
  • Implant denture

C) Maxillofacial prosthodontics is branch of prosthodontics concerned with restoration and / or replacement of stomatognathic and craniofacial structures with prosthesis that may or may not be removed on a regular or effective basis.


Maxillofacial prosthetics “ the art and science of anatomic, functional, or cosmetic reconstruction by means of non living substitutes of those regions in the maxilla, mandible and face that are missing or defective because of surgical intervention , trauma, pathology or development or congenital malformation.


Maxillofacial prosthetic includes

  • Intraoral Restoration
    1. Obturator
    2. Prosthesis for congenital clefts
    3. Intraoral splints
    4. Intraoral stents
    5. Resectional appliances
  • Extra oral Restoration
    1. Nose
    2. Ear
    3. Eye
    4. Cranial and facial implants

TREATMENT



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Cad cam dentistry


Computer aided design and computer aided manufacturing in dentistry is area of dentistry utilizing cad-cam technologies to produce different types of dental restorations.

INDICATION

  • Crown
  • Inlay and onlay
  • Veneers
  • Fixed bridge
  • Orthodontic appliance
  • Dental implant restoration

Advantages

  • No multiple visit of dental clinic
  • Stronger restoration than traditionally made restoration

CAD-CAM PROCESS

  • Tooth preparation
  • Image scan
  • Ceramic block milled

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Restorative Dentistry


Restorative dentistry is the study, diagnosis and integrated management of diseases of the teeth and their supporting structures and the rehabilitation of the dentition to functional and aesthetic requirements of the individual. Restorative dentistry encompasses the dental specialties of endodontic, periodontics and prosthodontics and its foundation is based upon how these interact in cases requiring multifaceted care

Most common general restorative procedures are as below.


1) ESTHETIC FILLINGS

- Composite fillings allow the tooth to be as close as possible to its original strength in the most conservative fashion. Modern dental technology use composites of very hard plastic material that bonds (micromechanically) fuses to the tooth to hold the tooth together.
- Amalgam contains mercury a toxic element that is released from the filling that has uncertain effects on the entire body.

2) DENTAL CROWNS

- Most commonly dental crowns are used to cover fractured teeth, discoloration of teeth, badly damaged tooth, severe decayed tooth, endodontically treated teeth.

Most commonly used types of dental crowns are as below.

  1. Metal crown
  2. Porcelain fused to metal crown
  3. All ceramic crown
3)CROWN AND BRIDGES

- Dental bridge is a restoration used to replace a one or more missing tooth by joining permanently to adjacent teeth.
- Most commonly dental bridges are used to improve appearance, to improve chewing ability. Dental bridge are typically made of ceramics, metal or porcelain fused to metal. It gives patient to properly maintain occlusal relation of teeth and restore your ability to properly chew and speak.

4) DENTURES

Dentures are commonly restoration used to replace missing teeth or people with no teeth in the jaw.
Most commonly partial and complete denture is used to replace missing teeth.
Complete denture contain acrylic base that fits over your gums.
It can be conventional, immediate, over denture, implant supported denture.
Removable partial denture only for patients who are missing some of their teeth on particular arch. Both types of denture give patient to increase mastication and appearance of face.

CLASSIFICATION



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Dental Implant


A dental implant is a biocompatible titanium root used in dentistry to support restorations that resemble a tooth or group of teeth to replace missing teeth.


All dental implants placed today are root form endoosseous implants i.e. they appear similar to actual tooth root and are placed within bone. The jaw bone accepts and ossteointegrates with titanium post. The osseointegration is the component of this implant procedure that makes it resemble the look and feel of natural tooth.


Dental implants can be used to support a number of dental prostheses including crowns, implant supported bridges or dentures. They can also be used as anchorage for orthodontics tooth movement.


INDICATION

  1. Poor oral musculature condition.
  2. Very poor alveolar ridge.
  3. Severe morphological abnormality.
  4. Single or multiple missing teeth.
  5. Patient who loss their teeth due to periodontal disease.
  6. Patient who already wear dentures or removable bridges are eligible to have them replaced with dental implants.

CONTRAINDICATION

  1. Heavy smoking
  2. Habit of alcohol
  3. People with chronic disease or systemic disease including
    1. Uncontrolled diabetes
    2. Hemophilia
    3. Connective tissue disease
    4. Immune deficiencies
  4. Pregnant women
  5. Bruxism ( patient who severely grind or clench their teeth)
  6. People with high risk of developing delayed healing syndrome called osteonecrosis
  7. Presence of infection
  8. Cyst or tumor in alveolar ridge
  9. Severe bone loss or resorption

ADVANTAGE

  1. Improved facial appearance
  2. Improved speech and mastication
  3. Improved occlusal relation of teeth
  4. Improved self confidence of patient
  5. Improved oral health
  6. Improved comfort and durability

COMPLICATION

  1. Implant failing, break or loosen
  2. Crown can break or come loose
  3. Peri-implantitis


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